HomeImport ReferencesWorkbooks & GuidesTraining, Tutorials and Webinars
In-Text CitationsWorks Cited PageSocial Media
In-Text CitationsReferences (Bibliography)Social Media
In-Text CitationsBibliographySocial Media
Citation Tools within DatabasesCreate Citations in Microsoft Word and Websites
On Writing PapersAccessing Articles and Writing Support on CampusThe Research ProcessAdditional Links for StudentsAnnotated BibliographiesScholarly vs. Popular
This is the "The Research Process" page of the "How to Cite - Guide to Citing Sources in Your Research Paper" guide.
Alternate Page for Screenreader Users
Skip to Page Navigation
Skip to Page Content

How to Cite - Guide to Citing Sources in Your Research Paper   Tags: apa, bibliography, chicago, citation, in-text, in-text citation, mla, parenthetical, works cited  

This guide lists selected Style Manuals, Citation Guides and other tools for citing both print and electronic/web sources in your work. Chesnutt Library also provides access to RefWorks, a web-based bibliography manager which automatically formats papers.
Last Updated: Jan 30, 2017 URL: http://libguides.uncfsu.edu/cite Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

The Research Process Print Page

Before you start

  1. What do you already know about your subject?
    Create a list of key words, names, events and other information.
  2. How long has your subject existed?
    Is it a relatively new concept with a lot published about it, or new and undiscovered?
  3. What discipline does your topic fall into?
    A discipline is the subject area of study or area of learning (e.g., History, Biology). Each has its own best starting points.
  4. How are you viewing the topic?
    From what angle do you plan on exploring in your paper, for instance the politics, a biographical standpoint, history, or another aspect?
  5. Don't forget:
    How long do you have to do this project? What is the required length of your paper? How many sources does your professor want you to use? What kind of sources has your professor asked you for (i.e. journal articles, print sources, etc.)?

Three Approaches for Developing a Topic

Approach #1: List Key Words of Interest
Make lists of concepts and topics you find interesting, as well as lists of related words and synonyms. These can serve as your key search terms.

Concept 1: Concept 2: Look For:
school choice discriminination synonyms?
educational choice educational access related terms?
open enrollment access to education alternate phrases?
educational vouchers social justice

key names, events?


Approach #2: Draw It Out
Sketch out the relationships between ideas.

Sample Topic Map

Approach #3: Define it in Sentences
Write an explanation of your topic, justifying it on multiple levels:

I am studying...
conformity in Woolf’s Orlando
in order to find out...

how Orlando’s efforts to conform and fit in change over time
in order to help my reader understand...

the role maturity and self-awareness play in the character’s efforts to conform to societal norms.

Adapted from The Craft of Research by Wayne C. Booth, Gregory G. Colomb, and Joseph M. Williams.


Loading  Loading...